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Certification & Licensure

KY Board of EMS COVID-19 Emergency OrdersKentucky Board of EMS (KBEMS) Emergency Orders as specified in SB 150 and Executive Order 2020-243. The intent of the Emergency Orders is to alleviate the regulatory conflicts identified in existing regulations in relation to mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic in Kentucky.

Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

A certified Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) has a higher level of skill than those trained in basic First Aid. Emergency Medical Responder's can support Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics by providing basic medical care for soft tissue and bone injuries, assist in childbirth, and transport patients.

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

People's lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs). In an emergency, EMTs are dispatched to the scene by a 911 operator, where they often work with police and fire fighters. Once on the scene, EMTs assess the patient's condition, while trying to determine the nature and severity of any pre-existing medical conditions. Using pre-determined protocols, they provide emergency care, and transport the patient to the appropriate medical facility.

Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)

The major focus of the Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT) is to provide basic and limited advanced emergency medical care to those patients who are in need of more care than can be offered by the EMT Basic. AEMTs function as part of a holistic EMS response and operate under medical oversight. 


Paramedics provide the most extensive pre-hospital care. Paramedics may administer drugs orally or intravenously, interpret electro cardiograms (EKGs), perform endotracheal intubulations, and use monitors and other complex equipment. Even though the Paramedic is generally part of a two-person team working with an EMT, it is the Paramedic who is held responsible for safe and therapeutic administration of drugs and other advanced interventions. Therefore, the Paramedic must not only be knowledgable about medications but must be able to apply this knowledge in a practical sense.